Acne vulgaris can be classified as a mild, moderate or severe case of acne, and although severe forms of acne are rare, they can cause a great deal of problems to the person who has them. Each type of acne is different and requires a different type of treatment.
In this particular moment we will review the three classes of acne vulgaris. However, before getting started you should be warned that if you suspect that you have severe acne, you should check with your dermatologist. Early detection and treatment can help reduce acne problems derived from this skin condition.
Mild to Moderate Acne Vulgaris
These types of acne are usually characterized by the appearance of whiteheads, blackheads, papules, and pustules. Whiteheads appear when a pore is completely blocked with oil, bacteria, and dead skin cell while blackheads appear when a pore is only partially blocked.
Papules are inflamed, tender bumps. Pustules are also inflamed and tender, but they contain pus. Neither one of these should be squeezed as this action could lead to more damage.
How to Treatment Mild to Moderate Acne Vulgaris
Mild and moderate acne vulgaris can be treated by following a regular cleansing routine. Here’s what a basic cleansing routine looks like:
In order to cleanse your skin properly, use a soapy cleanser that contains sulfur or salicylic acid. Both ingredients are known to help regulate the amount of sebum produced by your skin. In fact, salicylic acid can help penetrate the pores and unclog them from within.
Tone and Exfoliate
You should only use a toner (oil-free) if your cleanser does not removed all of the debris on your skin. However, if the cleanser is able to eliminate all the excess debris, you can skip the toner. Exfoliate once a week (more if you are in your forties).
When moisturizing use an oil-free, non comedogenic product. Don’t skip this step as dehydrated skin will elevate the production of sebum. This increase will, in turn, elevate your chances of acne breakouts and defeat the purpose of your cleansing routine.
Use an acne treatment cream that is made with salicylic acid or retinol for stubborn areas. Retinol can help increase cell turnover and reduce your chances of getting acne breakouts.
Severe Acne Vulgaris
This type of acne is also characterized by nodules and cysts. Because nodules develop underneath the skin’s surface they are usually more painful than cysts.
Cysts are soft lesions similar to nodules. Just like nodules, cysts usually lead to scarring. This type of acne lesion is usually referred to as cystic acne.
Severe Acne Treatment
Cystic acne treatment usually requires intralesional cortisone shots to help dissolve nodules and cysts. Basic cleansing is also important with this type of acne. Remember that finding the appropriate scar treatment routine to achieve scar removal is priority for people with this type of acne.